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September 14, 2019
Pompeo: Migrant caravan reaching 'a moment of crisis'
World News

Pompeo: Migrant caravan reaching ‘a moment of crisis’


US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo speaks to media after meeting with Mexico's Foreign Affairs Minister Luis Videgaray Caso at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Mexico CityImage copyright
Reuters

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Mr Pompeo says Mexico will take care of the migrant “crisis” in “the best way” for both countries

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo says “a moment of crisis” is being reached as a caravan of thousands of migrants makes its way through Central America with US as their final destination.

Mr Pompeo was speaking after talks on border security in Mexico, hours before dozens of migrants broke through border fences to enter from Guatemala.

The migrants say they are fleeing violence and poverty.

This week, President Donald Trump threatened to close down the US border.

Image copyright
Reuters

Image caption

A Honduran migrant protects his child after fellow migrants stormed a border checkpoint in Guatemala

On Thursday, Mr Trump thanked Mexico in a tweet for the decision to send hundreds of police officers to meet the migrant caravan at the border.

Mr Trump has also threatened to cut aid to countries allowing the caravan to pass.

Image copyright
EPA

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The first Honduran migrants families entered Mexican territory through the border with Guatemala on Friday

Why is Trump concerned?

Since his campaign days, Mr Trump has lambasted illegal immigrants, and this latest caravan comes after a major immigration crackdown.

Changes to detention rules saw thousands of migrant children detained and separated from their parents at the US-Mexico border earlier this year, sparking national and international condemnation.

Mr Trump’s threats come weeks before the mid-term elections on 6 November, which could see Democrats unseating Republicans in the House of Representatives.

According to a Kaiser Foundation poll, immigration is the most important issue for 15% of all voters, though the number jumps to 25% among Republican voters.

Could Trump close the US-Mexican border?

While Mr Trump has sent national guard troops to the border before, it is unclear what he means by shutting it down entirely, and whether that would affect businesses or people with legitimate visas.

And according to international law, the US cannot deport asylum seekers without first determining the validity of their claim.

Andrew Selee of the Migration Policy Institute told the BBC that closing the border “would wreak havoc on Mexican and American economies”.

“It could be a symbolic effort,” he adds. “A way of pressuring Mexico – but that would have a limited effect on illegal crossings and a huge effect on legal crossings.”

Image copyright
Getty Images

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A caravan of immigrants departs the Guatemalan capital city at dawn en route to the Mexican border

Where is the caravan now?

The migrant caravan is currently in Guatemala, in the border town Tecún Umán, though some in the group have already crossed into Mexico.

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Media captionThe migrant caravan Trump keeps referencing

Their journey of nearly 2,800 miles (4,500km) – mostly on foot – began in San Pedro Sula, Honduras, last Friday.

What will happen to the people?

Mexican officials have said that those without papers would have to apply for refugee status or turn back.

The Associated Press news agency says many migrants do not have passports and have been using national ID cards, which allow them to travel within Central America. Mexico, however, requires a passport at entry.

Human rights groups have criticised the US and Mexican response to the caravan.

Erika Guevara-Rosas of Amnesty International said in a statement: “These families deserve dignity and respect to ensure that no one is illegally returned to situations where they could risk serious harm due to violence.”

Image copyright
Reuters

Image caption

A Honduran migrant, part of a caravan trying to reach the US, and her daughter at a migrant shelter in Guatemala City

Mexican President-elect Andrés Manuel López Obrador has promised to offer work visas to Central Americans when he takes office in December.

Mr Selee said Mexico would “try to defuse the crisis” the same way they did with the last migrant caravan: by giving some people legal status or the chance to apply for asylum and deporting others.

Why are they leaving?

An estimated 10% of the population of Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras have fled danger, forced gang recruitment and dismal economic opportunities.

The region has one of the highest murder rates in the world. The UN reported murder rates in 2015 in Honduras standing at 63.75 deaths per 100,000 and El Salvador at 108.64 deaths.

Jari Dixon, an opposition politician in Honduras, tweeted on Monday that the caravan was not “seeking the American dream” but “fleeing the Honduras nightmare”.

In a statement on Tuesday, Honduras’ foreign ministry urged its citizens to “not let themselves be used by a movement that is clearly political and seeks to disrupt the governability, stability and peace”.

Voices from the caravan

BBC journalists spoke to some of the migrants travelling with the caravan as they wait at the border.

Francisca:

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BBC journalists spoke with Francisca and her son at the Guatemala-Mexico border

I joined the caravan because I was afraid to come on my own but I want my children to have a better life than me. In Honduras, there is no work, there is nothing. They killed my husband, they stabbed him, disfigured him. I call on the US and Mexico to help us, because I am not a woman who needs handouts. God is going to soften Trump’s hard heart.

Maria:

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Maria told the BBC she joined the caravan because people travelling alone towards the US are often attacked.

I am from Potrero, Cortés, Honduras. Only God knows where we will end up. I have a husband but it’s almost as if I don’t have one. I have four children, two in Honduras and two that I brought with me. If the Honduran President was more responsible, there wouldn’t be so much emigration, but there are no jobs. The violence stays the same. Trump is saying that if there are immigrants crossing into the US they’ll send us back to Honduras. What have we ever done to him? He should be happy because we’re going to work.





Source BBC News

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