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US Insists Sanctions Will Remain Until North Korea Denuclearizes


U.S. Insists Sanctions Will Remain Until North Korea Denuclearizes

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From left, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, Foreign Minister Kang Kyung-wha of South Korea and Foreign Minister Taro Kono of Japan in Seoul, South Korea, on Thursday. Mr. Pompeo tried to ease the American allies’ concerns about the summit talks with North Korea.CreditPool photo by Kim Hong-Ji

SEOUL, South Korea — Secretary of State Mike Pompeo told Asian powers on Thursday that President Trump was sticking to demands that North Korea surrender its nuclear weapons, as he sought to hold together a fragile consensus on maintaining tough sanctions against the North despite Mr. Trump’s declaration that it was “no longer a nuclear threat.”

At a news conference in Seoul, South Korea, Mr. Pompeo softened some of the president’s recent comments — but did not retract them — and insisted that United Nations sanctions would remain in place until North Korea had accomplished “complete denuclearization.”

“We are going to get the complete denuclearization,” Mr. Pompeo told reporters. “Only then will there be relief from sanctions.”

His remarks were intended to reassure the American allies Japan and South Korea and refute reports in North Korea’s state media that the United States had agreed to ease sanctions against the North. They were also a clear appeal for cooperation from Beijing, where Mr. Pompeo was set to visit on Thursday night.

Mr. Pompeo huddled with the foreign ministers of South Korea and Japan in Seoul two days after Mr. Trump met North Korea’s leader, Kim Jong-un, in Singapore for the first-ever summit meeting between the leaders of their two countries. In a joint statement signed there, Mr. Kim committed to the vague promise of “complete denuclearization” and Mr. Trump promised equally vague security assurances.

The document was glaringly light on details, including when and how North Korea would dismantle its nuclear program and what it would do with its missiles.

North Korean state media on Wednesday reported that Mr. Trump had agreed to lift sanctions when relations improved and that he had endorsed a “step-by-step” denuclearization process, rather than immediate and total dismantlement. Adding to global confusion were comments by Mr. Trump that the world can “sleep well tonight” because “there is no longer a nuclear threat from North Korea.”

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President Trump said the United States would end joint military exercises with South Korea, like this one in October. North Korea has long objected to the drills.CreditAhn Young-Joon/Associated Press

Mr. Pompeo said those remarks were made “eyes wide open.”

Mr. Trump also stunned American allies in the region when he announced Tuesday that he would end joint military exercises with South Korea, calling the war games the allies have conducted for decades “very expensive” and “provocative.”

In Seoul on Thursday, Mr. Pompeo sought to allay fears in South Korea and Japan that Mr. Trump had given away too much.

Mr. Pompeo insisted the Trump administration’s approach was superior to those of previous administrations.

“The sanctions relief cannot take place until such time as we have demonstrated that North Korea has been completely denuclearized,” Mr. Pompeo said.

“The sequence will be different this time,” he said, adding that Mr. Trump had made it clear to Mr. Kim that sanctions relief would only come after denuclearization.

Mr. Pompeo said the United States and its allies remained committed to achieving a “complete, verifiable and irreversible denuclearization of North Korea,” but said more negotiations to get there would be necessary. It will be “a process,” he said, adding, “not an easy one.”

The government of South Korea, which has been an eager supporter of Mr. Trump’s diplomacy with Mr. Kim, spared no praise on Thursday.

“This is the first time that the highest authority of North Korea promised to the president of the United States to work toward the complete denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula, which we believe has bolstered the political momentum for action to resolve the North Korean nuclear issue,” said Kang Kyung-wha, South Korea’s foreign minister.

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President Moon Jae-in of South Korea on Tuesday. “Some analysts give a low score to the North Korea-United States summit, but that is far from how the people think of it,” he told Mr. Pompeo on Thursday.CreditYonhap/EPA, via Shutterstock

On Thursday, President Moon Jae-in of South Korea indicated that his government supported Mr. Trump’s decision to end joint military exercises. Speaking at a meeting of his National Security Council, Mr. Moon said South Korea needed to be “flexible” about the exercises if North Korea started moving toward denuclearization.

In Tokyo, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe attached a similar significance to the summit talks’ result.

“I think it is significant that regarding the nuclear issue first, Chairman Kim promised to President Trump the complete denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula,” Mr. Abe said. “I think that the U.S.-North Korea summit meeting was a step forward toward peace and stability in Northeast Asia.”

But Japan’s foreign minister, Taro Kono, struck a less enthusiastic chord, stressing that stability in the region could only be achieved when North Korea verifiably dismantled “all weapons of mass destruction and ballistic missiles of all ranges.”

Mr. Kono also suggested that a “pause” in joint military exercises between the United States and South Korea should be “contingent upon” North Korean action toward denuclearization.

Despite the confusion and wariness in the region, there was one clear winner from the political thaw on the Korean Peninsula: Mr. Moon of South Korea, who worked tirelessly to help make the Kim-Trump meeting happen.

On Thursday, election results showed that the Democratic Party of Mr. Moon had ridden a wave of popular support for his peace initiative to win 14 of 17 elections for mayors and governors of big cities and provinces, including Seoul, routing the conservative opposition party Liberty Korea.

The elections took place on Wednesday, one day after the talks between Mr. Kim and Mr. Trump. Despite widespread skepticism, many South Koreans celebrated the meeting after months of living in the shadow of a possible war.

“Some analysts give a low score to the North Korea-United States summit, but that is far from how the people think of it,” Mr. Moon told Mr. Pompeo on Thursday.

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The state media in North Korea reported on Wednesday that the United States would ease sanctions gradually.CreditEd Jones/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

In Beijing, where Mr. Pompeo was scheduled to meet Thursday evening with China’s president, Xi Jinping, an initial sense that the summit meeting had been a boon to China quickly disappeared.

“There are big uncertainties,” said Yang Xiyu, a former Foreign Ministry official who directed China’s relations with North Korea in the mid-2000s. “The big differences are on the step-by-step approach for denuclearization that North Korea wants. I am worried the U.S. will say they want everything done at once and then there is collapse.”

The absence of any mention of a longstanding American demand that North Korea must agree to verification of its nuclear dismantlement presented a major stumbling block to progress, he said.

“North Korea is nervous about verification and the U.S. wants verification,” he said.

Among Mr. Pompeo’s challenges will be to get the Chinese on board for maintaining sanctions.

China has suggested that United Nations sanctions might be eased, now that North Korea has come to the negotiating table.

“The U.N. Security Council resolutions that have been passed say that if North Korea respects and acts in accordance with the resolutions, then sanction measures can be adjusted, including to pause or remove the relevant sanctions,” said Geng Shuang, a Foreign Ministry spokesman.

Mr. Trump said on Tuesday that his trade dispute with China may have resulted in weaker Chinese enforcement of sanctions against North Korea, but he refrained from strenuously objecting.

Mr. Xi “really closed up that border. Maybe a little less the last couple of months. That’s O.K.,” he said.

“We’re having very tough talks on trade,” he added. “And I think that probably affects China somewhat. And I think, over the last two months, the border is more open than it was when we first started.”

Choe Sang-Hun reported from Seoul, South Korea, and Jane Perlez from Beijing. Motoko Rich contributed reporting from Tokyo.

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